Here is a fascinating article about the origins of neo-conservatism which locates its origins within the magazine Commentary. Obviously one magazine could not have started the whole movement- this is not an intellectual history of neo-conservatism. But what it does demonstrate is the importance of an institution to an intellectual movement- Commentary under its editors (like Norman Podhoretz pictured above) was relatively free to publish what its editors choose to publish. Consequently it was a free space in which intellectuals could experiment. Whether magazines like Commentary will be required as much in the future to begin movements of ideas is doubtful- the phenomenen of internet self publishing has changed the ways that political ideas are produced and diffused. But the experience of Commentary in the fifties and its non-exclusive connection to the rise of the right in a separate internationalist analysis of US foreign policy, demonstrates what kind of institutional arrangements were neccessary for intellectual movements to thrive in the twentieth century.